The Michigan Engineer News Center

Student teams earn prizes for improved image processing techniques in EECS 556

The course covers the theory and application of digital image processing.| Short Read

Two teams earned prizes in the graduate level course, EECS 556: Image Processing, thanks to the sponsorship of KLA-Tencor. The course, taught this past term by Prof. Jeff Fessler, covers the theory and application of digital image processing, which has applications in biomedical images, time-varying imagery, robotics, and optics. The judges this year were Eliezer Rosengaus and Kenong Wu from KLA-Tencor.

First Place
Reconstruction of Accelerated MRI Acquisitions which use Partial Fourier, Partial Parallel (PFPP) Imaging Techniques

First place went to the project, “Reconstruction of accelerated MRI acquisitions which use Partial Fourier, Partial Parallel (PFPP) Imaging Techniques,” by Gopal Nataraj, Brandon Oselio, and Yash Shah.

EnlargeYash Shah, Gopal Nataraj, and Brandon Oselio
IMAGE:  Yash Shah, Gopal Nataraj, and Brandon Oselio took first place for their final project in EECS 556. They are pictured here with their prizes from KLA-Tencor - iPad minis.

In magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, acquiring data in Fourier space is a time-consuming step. It is thus desirable to reduce the amount of Fourier data acquired, yet preserve image quality as best as possible. Previous methods such as Partial Fourier (PF) and Partial Parallel (PP) imaging introduce phase artifacts and noise amplification, respectively. In this project, these methods are combined in a Partial Fourier, Partially Parallel (PFPP) framework (Bydder, 2005). By controlling the balance between undesirable artifacts introduced through PF and PP imaging alone, Fourier data is capable of being undersampled more aggressively, for a given tolerance of error. Higher acceleration factors allow for faster acquisitions, increasing patient comfort and reducing scan costs.

EnlargeImaging examples
IMAGE:  1(a): Gold Standard Image, computed from fully-sampled k-space data. 1(b): With  = 0 (analogous to PP reconstruction), no imaginary constraint worsens conditioning of the problem, causing noise amplification and reduced contrast; 1(c): For large values of  (analogous to PF reconstruction), over-suppression of imaginary components causes reconstruction errors in regions of rapid phase variation, making aliasing more apparent; 1(d): Intermediate values of  corresponding to PFPP reconstruction strike a balance between these effects.

Second Place
Optimal Motion-compensated Frame Rate Up Conversion

Second place went to the project, “Optimal motion-compensated frame rate up conversion,” by Taining Liu, Xiaolin Song, and Jinze Yu.

EnlargeTaining Liu, Xiaolin Song, and Jinze Yu
IMAGE:  Taining Liu, Xiaolin Song, and Jinze Yu (above) each received a Samsung Galaxy Tab 2 from KLA-Tencor.

In this project, the team attempted to improve weaknesses in the image processing technique known as frame rate up conversion (FRUC). FRUC methods that employ motion have been proven to provide better image quality compared to non-motion-based methods. However, while motion-based methods improve the quality of interpolation, artifacts are introduced in the presence of incorrectness in motion evaluation. The team attempted to design an optimal temporal interpolation filter for motion compensated FRUC (MC-FRUC) in order to improve the results. They were able to improve the clarity of the final image by up to 0.6dB in peak signal-to-noise ratio compared to an image created with an averaging filter which does not use motion-compensated methods.

EnlargeImaging example
IMAGE:  1) and 3) Original first and third frame (not the subjects of the paper); 2) Original second frame (the interpolation target frame, which is the subject of the frames 4-7); 4) The interpolated result of the circled frame using the extension MC-FRUC methods developed in the class; 5) and 6) The interpolated result of the circled frame using the MC-FRUC method described by other researchers; 7) The interpolated result of the circled frame using an averaging filter which uses no motion-compensated methods.
Yash Shah, Gopal Nataraj, and Brandon Oselio
Imaging examples
Taining Liu, Xiaolin Song, and Jinze Yu
Imaging example
Portrait of Catharine June


Catharine June
ECE Communications and Marketing Manager

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

(734) 936-2965

3301 EECS

An even smaller world’s smallest ‘computer’

The latest from IBM and now the University of Michigan is redefining what counts as a computer at the microscale. | Short Read