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U-M shares 1st place prize at ISPD

Dongjin's research is a blend of computer science with computer and electrical engineering, and can have a huge impact on upcoming integrated circuits. | Short Read
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IMAGE:  Dongjin Lee, Prof. Igor Markov

Dongjin Lee, a graduate student in electrical engineering, and his advisor Prof. Igor Markov shared 1st place with teams from National Taiwan University and National Chiao Tung University in the 2009 Clock Network Synthesis Contest at the International Symposium on Physical Design, held March 29-April 1 in San Diego, CA. The contest was organized by IBM Austin Research Laboratory.

This year’s contest tested clock distribution network synthesis. Like the prior placement and routing contests, a set of benchmarks was released and teams were charged with producing clock distribution networks.

Specifically, the contest focused on the computer-aided design and optimization of integrated circuits for distributing accurate 2GHz clock signals throughout a semiconductor chip, with picosecond precision and subject to power constraints. The contest initially attracted 27 teams (15 from the US and 11 from abroad), though only 9 teams developed working software. IBM researchers evaluated submitted programs on “hidden” benchmarks derived from IBM’s recent system-on-chip designs, and verified results by electrical circuit simulation.

As detailed in the results and contest summary (see especially page 28), the three winning teams were far ahead of other contestants, and each excelled in a different aspect of performance. Dongjin’s program, called Contango, performed most reliably, while the competitors had slightly better results on some benchmarks and significantly worse results on others. Although runtime did not affect contest scores, Contango ran twice as fast as the programs with which it tied for first place.

Prof. Markov advised Donjin on the project, and said of his work:

“Dongjin’s research combines algorithms for combinatorial and continuous optimization, especially computational geometry, with integrated circuit design — it’s a perfect blend of computer science with computer and electrical engineering, and can have a huge impact on upcoming integrated circuits. While traditional algorithms typically optimize a well-defined closed-form objective function, Dongjin found that the performance of a clock network is difficult to approximate by analytical formulas with sufficient accuracy. Therefore, his software first builds a conservative initial circuit, and then improves it by invoking the circuit simulator many times and carefully analyzing the performance numbers returned.”

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The electrons absorb laser light and set up “momentum combs” (the hills) spanning the energy valleys within the material (the red line). When the electrons have an energy allowed by the quantum mechanical structure of the material—and also touch the edge of the valley—they emit light. This is why some teeth of the combs are bright and some are dark. By measuring the emitted light and precisely locating its source, the research mapped out the energy valleys in a 2D crystal of tungsten diselenide. Credit: Markus Borsch, Quantum Science Theory Lab, University of Michigan.

Mapping quantum structures with light to unlock their capabilities

Rather than installing new “2D” semiconductors in devices to see what they can do, this new method puts them through their paces with lasers and light detectors. | Medium Read